What Software Should I Use to Create My CD or DVD Artwork?

After recording your album, having it mastered and pressed, you head over to your disc duplication facility’s website to place your order. Reading up on the ordering process you notice that you have the option to have artwork printed on the disc face, and can also have tray card and insert artwork printed. This is a great idea, as it allows you to give your project a more professional look and feel. You can either hire a print designer, who will hopefully already know all of the proceeding information. Or you can have a go at it yourself, utilizing one of the many different graphics creation programs available. If you are choosing to create your own artwork, read on.

There are many different programs out there that can be used to create print artwork. One of the more popular programs is Adobe Illustrator. Adobe Illustrator is a vector based drawing program, available for both PC and Macintosh computers. You could also use, CorelDRAW, Paint Shop Pro, or even Adobe Photoshop. I will go into a little bit more detail about what the differences are between some of these programs later on in this article, and why some of them are better suited for print design. Here is a list of 3 terms you should be familiar with before starting your artwork project.

1. Raster Graphics

Raster graphics are also known as bitmap graphics. This form of graphics image is a data file or structure representing a generally rectangular grid of pixels, or blocks of color, on a computer monitor, or other display device. Think of a raster images as a checkers board, with each square (pixel) on the board displaying a different color. This collection of colored dots (pixels), in turn form the full picture. The quality of a raster image is determined by the total number of pixels (resolution), and the amount of information in each pixel. Raster graphics are practical for photographs and photo-realistic images because of the way that they display images. Pretty much all photos you will find on the internet, and all photos you take with your digital camera will be raster images. You may want to use photographs for your CD or DVD’s artwork, but you must mind a few certain things:

A. DPI –
I will go into this a bit further in the “DPI” section of this article. In a nutshell, any photograph that you would like to use for print must be 300 DPI (dots per inch) or higher. DPI refers to the density of pixel information in a photograph.

B. Color Mode –
There are two basic modes of color: RGB and CMYK. All you need to know really is that all print artwork must be created as a CMYK document, as this refers to the colors of ink that a printer uses to recreate your artwork. If you create your artwork as an RGB document, the printed document will most likely shift in color. For more info on this, please refer to my last article. What do you need to start a CD duplication project?

2. Vector Graphics

Also known as geometric modeling, this form of graphic uses geometrical primitives such as points, curves, and lines to represent images. Instead of displaying blocks of color to represent a photo vector images rely on set points to determine the outline of an object, using mathematical formulas to determine the curve of the lines between said set points. Vector graphics are ideal for simple or composite drawings that do not need to achieve photo-realism. I suggest that you used vector objects for all of your artwork’s areas that are not photos.

3. DPI

Dots per inch, (DPI) is the number of individual dots of ink a printer can produce within a one-inch space. This translates as, the higher the DPI, the sharper the image. Although, most commercial printers will tell you that anything over 300DPI would be considered “print-quality”. I recommend that you make sure that your artwork is at least 300DPI, with 600DPI being the optimal setting for your artwork.

After all this technical mumbo-jumbo, you’re probably scratching your head, still unsure of what program to use to create your artwork. The truth is you can use pretty much any graphics program to create your artwork, providing that you correctly set the DPI and color mode of your document. Personally, I usually use a combination of Adobe Photoshop & Illustrator to do all of my print artwork. I edit all bitmap images in Photoshop and create all of my vector content in Illustrator, combining the two in Illustrator. My advice is now that you have the basic background knowledge, experiment to figure out what works best for you!

Work at Home Typing – How to Evaluate the Best Programs

The internet is creating flexible and lucrative opportunities enabling average people to earn the kind of money that can supplement or even replace their full time income. One of the most popular income generating programs is work at home typing.

Advantages of Work at Home Typing

Work at home typing has many advantages. You can work when you want because there are no set hours. You can work where you want, at home or anywhere there is an internet connection. With the high cost of fuel these days this is a great advantage for those who feel the pinch at the pump. The traditional concept of “going to your job” is gone! A walk to the coffee shop, beach or park for example can be your workplace as long as you have a wireless internet connection, and a laptop computer.

How Work at Home Typing Programs Work

The way work at home typing programs work is simple. You sign up with a typing program online and receive an extensive list of companies that are in need of data entry work. These companies will send typing assignments to your email address; you complete the assignment and submit it back to the company. You are paid per assignment. It’s pretty straightforward.

Actual Work Description

The actual work done with these work at home typing programs is simple, usually consisting of typing 3-5 lines into a pre-formatted input form. You will be constructing what is called pay per click ads for which there is currently tremendous demand; so much that online companies can’t hire enough people to meet daily demand. You needn’t be creative or a good typist, as the ads are pre-composed; you merely fill in the blanks.

Income potential is unlimited and depends on how aggressively you pursue assignments.

Evaluating a Work at Home Typing Program

There are guidelines you should follow when choosing an online work at home typing program.

1.) In business for at least 1 year

2.) Well organized, easy to navigate directories

3.) Directories updated at least weekly

4.) Helpful resources available for newcomers

5.) No “waiting period”. Eligible immediately

6.) Customer service available via phone or email

7.) 100% guaranteed.

Make sure you evaluate the company based on these criteria when deciding whom to sign up with. You don’t want to waste your time with companies with out-dated databases, poor member support or hard to navigate member areas within the specific programs website. If the work at home typing program meets these requirements above you should be ok, and after you sign up expect to get started working soon.

5 Things You Must Do Before Traveling Internationally

Traveling is my passion and I enjoy it a lot. So, whenever I go for a trip, I always feel like a dream and I would like to live like a dream. It is very exciting to travel in different-different countries. So, when you travel to the new country, you must take care of lots of things. Therefore, each and every time I go for a trip, I do take care of certain things that will help me to travel worry-free.

So, I am here with several travelling tips and tricks which will help you to be ready to encounter anything happen to you when you are wandering away from your home. Let see these major things that you must take care before heading to the trip.

1. Check your passport and visa date

Traveling to the foreign country is not easy. There are different rules in every country regarding the visa. Well, most of the countries need your passport must be valid for six months after your return date. So, you must check the expiry date of your passport as well as visa. If the date is expired, then your whole trip would get ruined. If all set, then do not forget to make copy of your passport and visa to keep it as a security.

2. Money Matter A lot

Money is the major things that every traveller must take care before going to any trip whether out of the country or to the same country. If you are planning to the foreign country, then make sure that you have complete math of your home country and the other countries currency conversation knowledge. You must also conform to your bank that your credit card will work in the country you are visiting and tell a bank that you are going to another country so they cannot block your cards. One more thing is that always keep local cash with you because not everyone accepts credit cards.

3. Do Advanced Packing

Whenever I go for a trip, I always carry few extra pair of clothes. It helps to ready for the situation of any luggage lost or if the trip extends for a few days. Alongside, you can also get the best anti-theft backpacks to keep your money, expensive smartphone or camera, passport, visa and something else safe. If all set, then keep in mind that how much luggage the airline will allows you to carry. Travelling outside of the country is fun, but the eating junk food may harm your health. So, it would be a good idea to carry some snacks form your home country.

4. Go With Good Gadgets

If you are planning a long trip, then you should also take care of all electronic devices that you are bringing along. Well, the smartphone is one of the most important gadgets which help to get in touch with your friends and family while traveling out of the country. So, do not forget to carry power bank and charging cable so that you could not face any low charging situation. Furthermore, do not forget to contact your network operator regarding the international calling charges and compatibility. Along with that, you should take care of other gadgets like camera, headphones, dryer and more while traveling.

5. Plan Your First And Last Day

Another most important thing that every traveller must do is make a perfect plan for the first and last day of the trip as these two days are only mattered a lot to you. At the first, you could enter in to the new place where everyone is strange. So, make a plan to get into the hotel safely where you are staying. Likewise, do not forget to make a schedule for a whole trip and of course for a last day as well. So, at the end of the trip, you would keep all your documents, gadgets, cash, cards, IDs and key safe while departing the country.

Conclusion

Well, these all are the foremost things that I do take care whenever I plan a holiday with my family and friends. I bet you won’t get in any difficulty if you have taken care of aforesaid tips while traveling abroad. So, be always a prepared and happy journey!

Thunder Megaphone – A Glacial Valley Can Focus and Amplify Thunder Into a Most Extraordinary Sound

We’ve all heard thunder, and we all know what causes it. Many of us have heard two distinct kinds of thunder, but perhaps we never really noticed or thought about it. Recently, I heard a third kind of thunder.

“Ordinary” thunder – a thoroughly extraordinary sound, but the kind of thunder we hear most often – happens when lightning occurs at some distance from the observer. The initial sound of the lightning bolt echoes off surrounding objects and air masses. Because it is echoed so many times, the thunder stretches out into many, many seconds, even though the initial sound might have lasted a second or two at most. Moreover, because the initial sound echoes off soft things with indistinct surfaces – clouds, thermoclines, and weather fronts – and because many echoes reach the ears of the observer at different times, the original sound is greatly distorted. Almost all high frequency components are filtered out, and the observer hears mostly a low-pitched rumble.

When lightning strikes very close to the observer, within a few hundred feet, the sound is entirely different. The observer might not hear echoes of the thunder at all, but only the pure initial sound. It is a single, sharp, intense “POW!” It may be followed by a much quieter, but still loud, whistling or hissing sound.

But what about that third kind of lightning?

I was camping alone in Crawford Notch State Park in northern New Hampshire, when thunderstorms began rolling into the valley just after dinner. I tidied up my campsite just before the rain started, then retreated to my tent. One thunderstorm passed without much incident.

Darkness had fallen by the time the second thunderstorm rolled up from the south. I occupied myself by counting the time interval between lightning and thunder to track the movements of the storms. Fifteen seconds before the thunder rolled up from somewhere west of Mount Bemis, and I knew the storm was just under three miles southwest of me. Seven seconds between the flash and the rumble beyond Frankenstein Cliff, and I knew the storm was passing nearly a mile and a half to my west.

And then it happened!

A flash. I counted eleven seconds. And I heard a sound unlike any thunder I had ever heard before.

The cacophony included at least half a dozen rapid repetitions of the “POW!” of a nearby lightning strike. But at the same time, there was the rumbling and roaring of “ordinary” thunder, but much, much louder than usual.

Before I could figure out what that sound was, there was another flash somewhere to the north. Again I counted eleven seconds, and again I heard that utterly incredible crackling and powing and rumbling and roaring.

This time, I figured it out.

It was a lightning strike right within the upper reaches of Crawford Notch just a couple of miles north of me. It was right within a gigantic stone megaphone formed by Webster Cliff on the east, Mount Field and Mount Willey on the west, and the old glacial cirque of Mount Willard for a backstop on the north.

And this 1,500 foot deep, three-mile-long granite megaphone was pointed right at Dry River Campground.

Yes, the beautiful U-shaped glacial valley of Crawford Notch is a nearly perfect megaphone, albeit open on top. The bare stone faces of Mount Willard and Webster Cliff echoed the initial “POW!” of the thunder almost undistorted. The western slope of the notch is a bit more heavily wooded, but there’s enough bare ledge and rockslide there to provide a pretty good echo. The open top of the notch was covered by the underbelly of the thunderstorm itself, which provided enough of a soft echoic surface to create the usual rumbling of thunder in addition to the clean “POW!” echoes off the rock faces.

But all of this sound was extraordinarily loud because of the megaphone that focused it all right on me and my campsite.

After I got this all figured out, there was a third lightning flash in the north. Yes, eleven second later, there was that glorious, unearthly sound again.

I wondered why I had never heard this kind of thunder before. I have probably experienced thunderstorms in Crawford Notch at least a dozen times over the years, but never heard the Thunder Megaphone.

My best guess is that I probably have heard it before, but never noticed it. Most of the times I’ve camped there, it was with a crowd of friends and family. Much goes on when a thunderstorm rolls in. Ponchos have to be broken out and put on, while at the same time, various disorderly what-nots need to get stashed into cars and tents before they get soaked. There is a bit of yelling and shouting to be done, and paradoxically among the mayhem, kids and dogs need to have their fears calmed. Meanwhile, tarps over the tents and picnic tables are flapping in the gales, making a poor imitation of thunder themselves.

In all my 25 years camping in Crawford Notch, this may have been the first time I experienced a thunderstorm while I was camping there alone. There was no tarp over the tent, and I had anticipated the thunderstorm well enough to get everything into the car long before the rain started.

So, when the lightning and thunder came, I had nothing to do but observe.

What a treat!

I half hope we get a thunderstorm the next time we go camping in the mouth of the Thunder Megaphone.